As part of the agreement, the British and Irish Governments undertook to hold referendums in Northern Ireland and the Republic on 22 May 1998. The referendum in Northern Ireland is expected to approve the deal reached in the multi-party talks. The referendum in the Republic of Ireland is expected to approve the Anglo-Irish Agreement and facilitate the amendment of the Irish Constitution in accordance with the Agreement. As part of the agreement, the British Parliament annulled the Government of Ireland Act 1920 (which had founded Northern Ireland, divided Ireland and asserted territorial rights to the whole of Ireland) and the people of the Republic of Ireland amended Articles 2 and 3 of the Irish Constitution, which asserted a territorial right to Northern Ireland. The agreement reaffirmed its commitment to „mutual respect, civil rights and religious freedoms for all in the community.“ The multi-party agreement recognised „the importance of respect, understanding and tolerance with regard to linguistic diversity“, in particular with regard to the Irish language, the Ulster Scots and the languages of other ethnic minorities in Northern Ireland, „all of which are part of the cultural richness of the island of Ireland“. The agreement was approved by voters across the island of Ireland in two referendums on 22 May 1998. In Northern Ireland, in 1998, during the referendum on the Good Friday Agreement in Northern Ireland, voters were asked whether they supported the multi-party agreement. In the Republic of Ireland, voters were asked whether they would allow the state to sign the agreement and authorize the necessary constitutional amendments (Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution of Ireland) to facilitate it. The two lawyers had to approve the agreement for it to enter into force. The overall result of these problems was to undermine unionists` confidence in the agreement exploited by the anti-deal DUP, which eventually overtook the pro-deal Unionist Party (UUP) in the 2003 parliamentary elections.
The UUP had already resigned from the power-sharing executive in 2002 following the Stormontgate scandal, which implicated three men for gathering intelligence. These charges were eventually dropped in 2005 on the controversial grounds that the persecution was not „in the public interest“. Immediately afterwards, one of the incriminated members of Sinn Féin, Denis Donaldson, was unmasked as a British agent. „The DUP may have been happy to corrupt the 1998 agreement in St Andrews for its own purposes, but I cannot believe that the DUP leader was so negligent to open it up in such an arbitrary way that brings no benefit to unionism. „It should be remembered that Arlene Foster left the UUP, which supported the Good Friday agreement, to join the anti-agreement DUP,“ she added. Asked if she would work with Mr Johnson, Ms Foster said: „Our trust agreement is with the Conservative Party. It was signed by the two main whips. This is a party-to-party agreement. London`s direct rule ended in Northern Ireland when power officially left the new Northern Ireland Assembly, the North-South Council of Ministers and the Anglo-Irish Council, when the first regulations relating to the Anglo-Irish Agreement entered into force on 2 December 1999.
   In accordance with Article 4(2) of the Anglo-Irish Agreement (Agreement between the British and Irish Governments for the implementation of the Belfast Agreement), the two governments must inform each other in writing of compliance with the conditions for the entry into force of the Anglo-Irish Agreement. entry into force should take place upon receipt of those two notifications.  The British government has agreed to participate in a televised ceremony at Iveagh House in Dublin, the Irish Foreign Office. . . .